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The legal regime established by the Outer Space Treaty has been successful in maintaining peace in outer space since the height of the Cold War.However, there are many issues that current space law is not fully equipped to address.The Outer Space Treaty established a series of broad principles that have been elaborated upon and implemented in a series of subsequent international treaties and national laws.
With these changes, space law will face many new challenges.
If enough debris accumulates, it will become virtually impossible to operate spacecraft in Earth orbit.
Current space law does not adequately address the space debris problem.
The Outer Space Treaty was followed by (i) the 1968 Agreement on the Rescue of Astronauts, the Return of Astronauts and the Return of Objects Launched into Outer Space, (ii) the 1972 Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects, (iii) the 1975 Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space, and (iv) the 1979 Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, which is now considered dormant because it has not been ratified by any of the major space powers. These include the 1982 Principles Governing the Use by States of Artificial Earth Satellites for International Direct Television Broadcasting, the 1986 Principles Relating to Remote Sensing of the Earth from Outer Space, the 1992 Principles Relevant to the Use of Nuclear Power Sources In Outer Space, and the 1996 Declaration on International Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space for the Benefit and in the Interest of All States, Taking into Particular Account the Needs of Developing Countries. Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space administers the major space treaties and advises the international community on space policy matters. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulates non-government spaceports and the launch and reentry of private spacecraft under the Commercial Space Launch Act, as amended by the 2004 Commercial Space Launch Amendments Act.
The International Telecommunications Union plays an important role in space operations by assigning positions and frequencies for satellites in geostationary orbit, where most telecommunications satellites are located. In the United States, each government agency that operates spacecraft is responsible for complying with U. Various other federal laws, such as the 1992 Land Remote Sensing Policy Act and International Traffic in Arms Regulations, state contract and tort laws, and decades of commercial practice in the telecommunications, remote sensing and launch services industries also affect government and private space operations.
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Moreover, because there is no law of salvage in outer space similar to the law of salvage under maritime law, it is technically illegal for one country to remove another country’s debris without permission.